are some relevant facts:
Unauthorized copying of software is illegal. Copyright law
protects software authors and publishers, just as patent law protects
Unauthorized copying of software by individuals can harm
the entire academic community. If unauthorized copying proliferates
on a campus, the institution may incur a legal liability. Also,
the institution may find it more difficult to negotiate agreements
that would make software more widely and less expensively available
to members of the academic community.
Unauthorized copying of software can deprive developers of
a fair return for their work, increase prices, reduce the level
of future support and enhancement, and inhibit the development of
new software products. Respect for the intellectual work and property
of others has traditionally been essential to the mission of colleges
and universities. As members of the academic community, we value
the free exchange of ideas. Just as we do not tolerate plagiarism,
we do not condone the unauthorized copying of software, including
programs, applications, databases, and code. Therefore, we offer
the following statement of principle about intellectual property
and the legal and ethical use of software.
and Intellectual Rights
for intellectual labor and creativity is vital to academic activity
and enterprise. This principle applies to works of all authors and
publishers in all media. It encompasses respect for the right to
acknowledgment, right to privacy, and right to determine the form,
manner, and terms of publication and distribution.
electronic information is volatile and easily reproduced, respect
for the work and personal expression of others is especially critical
in computer environments. Violations of authorial integrity, including
plagiarism, invasion of privacy, unauthorized access, and trade
secret and copyright violations, may be grounds for sanctions against
members of the academic community.
You May Have About Using Software
do I need to know about software and the U.S. Copyright Act?
it has been placed in the public domain, software is protected by
copyright law. The owner of a copyright holds exclusive right to
the reproduction and distribution of his or her work. Therefore,
it is illegal to duplicate or distribute software or its documentation
without the permission of the copyright owner. If you have purchased
your copy, however, you may make a back-up for your own use in case
the original is destroyed or fails to work.
I loan software I have purchased myself?
your software came with a clearly visible license agreement or if
you signed a registration card, read the license carefully before
you use the software. Some licenses may restrict use to a specific
computer. Copyright law does not permit you to run your software
on two or more computers simultaneously unless the license agreement
specifically allows it. It may, however, be legal to loan your software
to a friend temporarily as long as you do not keep a copy.
software is not copy-protected, do I have the right to copy it?
of copy protection does not constitute permission to copy software
in order to share or sell it. "Non-copy-protected" software enables
you to protect your investment by making a backup copy. In offering
non-copy-protected software to you, the developer or publisher has
demonstrated significant trust in your integrity.
I copy software that is available through facilities on my campus
so that I can use it more conveniently in my own room or office?
All software acquired by Alfred University is licensed. This applies
to software installed on hard disks in microcomputer clusters, such
as labs, and software available on the campus mainframe or network.
it legally "fair use" to copy software if the purpose in sharing
it is purely educational?
It is illegal for a faculty member or student to copy for distribution
among the members of a class without permission of the author or
can be expensive. You may think that you cannot afford to purchase
certain programs that you need, but there are legal alternatives
to unauthorized copying:
Software. Consult the Information Technology Services (ITS)
Helpdesk for information. Software available through institutional
site licenses is subject to license restrictions, and you may not
make or distribute copies.
or "user-supported" software, is copyrighted software that the developer
encourages you to copy and to give to others. This permission is
explicitly stated in the documentation or displayed on the computer
screen. The developer of shareware generally asks for a small donation
or registration fee if you like the software and plan to use it.
By registering, you may receive further documentation, updates,
and enhancements. You are also supporting future software development.
Domain Software. Sometimes authors dedicate their software to
the public domain, which means that the software is not subject
to any copyright restrictions. It can be copied and shared freely.
Software without copyright notice is often, but not necessarily,
in the public domain. Before you copy or distribute software that
is not explicitly in the public domain, check with the ITS Helpdesk.
on the use of software are far from uniform. You should carefully
check each piece of software and the accompanying documentation
general, you do not have the right to receive and use unauthorized
copies of software, or to make unauthorized copies of software for
you have questions that were not answered here about the proper
use and distribution of a software product, seek help from the ITS
Helpdesk , the ITS copyright officer, the software developer, or
Helpdesk is located on the lower level of Herrick Library and is
open weekdays 8:30 am to 4:30 pm. You may contact it by calling
ext. 2222, emailing email@example.com
or visiting the Helpdesk website at http://my.alfred.edu/its.
The ITS copyright officer may be contacted through the Helpdesk.
The information on this page, called the Educom code, was originally
produced as a service to the academic community by Educom (now EDUCAUSE)
and ADAPSO. Although this web page is copyrighted, you are authorized
and encouraged to make and distribute copies of it, in whole or
in part, providing the source is acknowledged.