What is trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a parasite. It is one of the most common STIs with approximately 3.7 million people infected. However, symptoms are vague and in many cases, there are no symptoms (70% have no symptoms).

What are the symptoms?

Trichomoniasis is passed from person to person during sex. In women, the most common body areas that host the parasite are the vulva, vagina, or urethra; while in men it is the urethra. When trichomoniasis causes symptoms, they range from mild soreness to severe inflammation. Women may experience genital itching, burning, redness, or soreness, burning with urination, or a thin, odorous discharge. Men may experience penile itching/irritation, burning with urination or ejaculation, or discharge. Sex may become uncomfortable. Symptoms may come and go for months/years.

What are the risks of infection

Genital inflammation makes it easier to get infected with other viruses if exposed, such as HIV.

What’s involved in diagnosis/treatment?

Trichomoniasis is diagnosed with a laboratory test on a sample of vaginal discharge. It can be cured with antibiotics, sometimes in a single dose. It is important to abstain from sexual contact for at least a week and/or until all symptoms are gone. Additionally, all partners should be checked and completely treated before resuming a sexual relationship. Re-testing can be considered to ensure the infection is gone.

How can I prevent trichomoniasis?

If treated for trichomoniasis, it is important to avoid sexual contact until treatment for self AND partners is complete. In addition, proper use of latex condoms will reduce the risk for infection.

If you have any questions, please call us at the health center to set up an appointment to discuss your options.

CDC Trichomoniasis